MOUSE ANTI-HEPATITIS E VIRUS CAPSID (ORF2) ANTIBODY (BD6)
Hepatitis E virus capsid ORF2 antibody (clone BD6) is an unconjugated mouse monoclonal antibody to Hepatitis E Virus ORF2.
PRODUCT DETAILS – MOUSE ANTI-HEPATITIS E VIRUS CAPSID (ORF2) ANTIBODY (BD6)
- Mouse anti Hepatitis E Virus Capsid (ORF2) antibody (BD6), clone number: BD6.A2.A9.E11.F8.
- Isotype – Mouse IgG1 kappa.
- Immunogen used HEV ORF2 amino acids 1-660 (REC31653).
- Protein G purified, presented in PBS, pH 7.4.
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a small quasi-enveloped, ( )-sense, single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the Hepeviridae family. HEV infects ∼20 million people annually (Smith, et al., 2014) and is a leading cause of acute hepatitis worldwide (Kamar, et al., 2017). The viral RNA is ∼7.2 kb in size with three partially overlapping open reading frames (Purcell & Emerson, 2001). ORF1 encodes a non-structural polyprotein that is essential for viral replication. ORF2 encodes the viral capsid protein and ORF3 encodes a small phosphoprotein that is involved in virion morphogenesis and egress (LeDesma et al., 2019).
ORF2 is initially synthesized as a large glycoprotein precursor which is then cleaved into the mature viral capsid protein; it has also been implicated in viral replication, as it binds to the 5′ end of the viral genome (Surjit, et al., 2004). There are three different forms of ORF2: (i) the ORF2i form (infectious ORF2) which is found in association with infectious particles, (ii) the secreted ORF2g (glycosylated ORF2) and ORF2c (cleaved ORF2) forms which are the major antigens in HEV-infected patient sera (but not associated with infectious particles) (Montpellier, et al., 2018; Qi, et al., 2015; Ankavay et al., 2019). These proteins may also inhibit antibody-mediated neutralization (Yin et al., 2018). The main HEV immune epitopes, especially neutralizing epitopes, are located on the ORF2 protein (Zhou, et al., 2016). There are two potential N-glycosylation sites in the S domain, and one in the P domain within a region that forms a protruding spike from the shell, forming a cell-attachment and neutralizing antigenic site (Xu, et al., 2016; Zhang, et al., 2016). HEV can be diagnosed by the presence of IgM anti-HEV in the serum or by detection of viral RNA in the serum or feces by PCR. However, both serologic tests and molecular tests vary greatly in sensitivity, making diagnosis, and especially seroprevalence studies, less reliable than for the other human hepatitis viruses.
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